- Largest unbroken caldera in the world
- Also referred to as “Africa’s Garden of Eden”
- Crater is 12 miles (19 km) across and covers 102 square miles (264 sq km)
- Rises over 2,000 feet above the caldera floor
- Home to over 30,000 animals including the rare black rhino
Ngorongoro Crater is the world’s largest unbroken caldera. Often referred to as “Africa’s Garden of Eden,” the crater is home to over 30,000 animals including elephants, lions, cheetahs, wildebeests, buffaloes, and the rare black rhinos. View Wildlife of Ngorongoro Crater to learn more about the wildlife and View Birds of Ngorongoro Crater to discover some of the many species that are found in the area.
Ngorongoro Crater was created from a volcano that exploded creating the caldera wilderness haven. The crater is 12 miles (19 km) across and consumes 102 square miles (264 sq km) of wilderness. The rim of the crater rises just over 2,000 feet (610 m) above the caldera floor reaching an elevation of 7,500 feet (2,286 m).
7 Natural Wonders of Africa: Ngorongoro Crater
Ngorongoro Crater was officially declared as one of the 7 Natural Wonders of Africa February 11, 2013 in Arusha, Tanzania. Votes were cast by experts from around the world. Voters referenced the largest unbroken caldera statistic along with the unique encounter with wildlife as the primary factors drawing their votes. Ngorongoro Crater joined the Serengeti Migration and Mount Kilimanjaro as wonders of nature that call both Africa and Tanzania home.
Best way to see and experience Ngorongoro Crater
Ngorongoro Crater as the largest unbroken caldera in the world, it serves as a wildlife haven. It is considered one of the best wildlife encounters. The caldera is home to the Big 5, however the leopard tends to be atop the crater and in the jungle along the outside of the crater.
The best way to experience Ngorongoro Crater is by leveraging the expertise from one of the local guide or safari services. Most of the crater lodges have professional guides as part of the safari and accommodation experience they provide to you. Your vehicles may vary, but you should be in a safari vehicle that has a removable or raisable roof that allows you to stand inside the vehicle and look out over the wildlife. Ideally, there will just be no more than 3 or 4 in the vehicle or you might be squeezing and wrestling for space when it comes to viewing some of the wildlife you might encounter.
More than likely, your guide will have secured a packed lunch to take along with you so that you can explore the crater floor the entire day. There is a great watering hole that features a place to stop to take a break and enjoy your lunch. Don’t close your eyes and do continue to pay attention because you may encounter more wildlife. Learn more through our Ngorongoro Craterpage.
Ngorongoro Crater Places to Stay
The Ngorongoro Farm House is a colonial style farm house and actual working coffee plantation. The cottages are nestled in the grounds and gardens of the plantation. Learn more through our Ngorongoro Craterpage.
Endangered Species of Africa
There are 100s of critically endangered species on every continent around the world. The wildlife, fauna and flora are much of what makes the various wonders of nature special. The endangered species of Africa are one of Seven Natural Wonder’s greatest concerns. Take a moment and glance at some of the critically endangered wildlife.