Iguazu Falls

About Iguazu Falls

Iguazu Falls, a mesmerizing natural wonder straddling the borders of Argentina and Brazil, is a symphony of nature’s grandeur. Spanning approximately 2.7 kilometers (1.7 miles), this magnificent system boasts around 275 individual falls, each a testament to the raw power and beauty of water.

At the heart of the spectacle is the awe-inspiring Devil’s Throat, a cascade plunging 82 meters (269 feet) into the depths below. The falls are a breathtaking manifestation of the Iguazu River’s descent from the Paraná Plateau, surrounded by lush rainforest. The constant mist blankets the area, forming rainbows and adding to the magical ambiance.

Accessible walkways and viewpoints offer visitors an immersive experience, allowing them to witness the sheer force and splendor of Iguazu Falls. With its unparalleled natural charm and captivating vistas, Iguazu Falls stands as a testament to the Earth’s awe-inspiring beauty.

Physical Characteristics

Iguazu Falls, a breathtaking natural wonder situated on the border of Argentina and Brazil, spans approximately 1.7 miles (2.7 km) across. This awe-inspiring system comprises around 275 individual falls, with the majestic Devil’s Throat, the highest point, reaching a height of 269 feet (82 m).

The falls are part of the Iguazu River, cascading over the edge of the Paraná Plateau with tremendous force and creating a thunderous roar. The unique feature of Iguazu Falls lies in its intricate network of cascades, islets, and lush surrounding rainforest. The mist generated by the plummeting water creates a perpetual rainbow, adding to the enchantment of this extraordinary spectacle.

Visitors can explore walkways and viewpoints, immersing themselves in the natural grandeur of Iguazu Falls, making it a must-see destination for those seeking the wonders of our planet.


Straddling the border of Argentina and Brazil, Iguazu Falls is a mesmerizing natural wonder that captivates with its thunderous cascades and lush rainforest surroundings. Amidst the breathtaking landscapes, a vibrant array of wildlife thrives, both in the turbulent waters and the verdant forests that embrace the falls.

From graceful fliers to agile climbers, the diverse fauna of Iguazu Falls contributes to the ecological tapestry, creating a captivating blend of water, vegetation, and life.

Top 10 Wildlife Species in and around Iguazu Falls:

  1. Toco Toucan (Ramphastos toco):
    • Perched on branches overlooking the falls, the toco toucan is an iconic bird with a large, colorful beak. With its distinctive appearance and vibrant plumage, this toucan is a symbol of the tropical forests surrounding Iguazu.
  2. Coati (Nasua spp.):
    • Scampering along the trails, coatis are agile mammals with long tails and distinctive snouts. With their curious and social behavior, these omnivores are often seen foraging for food near the falls.
  3. Jaguar (Panthera onca):
    • Roaming the dense forests surrounding Iguazu, the jaguar is a powerful big cat with a distinctive spotted coat. With their elusive nature and prowess as apex predators, these cats are a symbol of the wild beauty within the Iguazu National Park.
  4. Butterfly (Various Species):
    • Fluttering amid the foliage and mist, butterflies of various species bring a kaleidoscope of colors to the falls. With their delicate wings and intricate patterns, these insects are a constant presence in the vibrant ecosystem.
  5. Howler Monkey (Alouatta spp.):
    • Swinging through the treetops, howler monkeys are arboreal primates known for their distinctive vocalizations. With their prehensile tails and social structures, these monkeys are integral to the rainforest’s biodiversity.
  6. Great Dusky Swift (Cypseloides senex):
    • Soaring near the falls, the great dusky swift is a swift species with powerful flight capabilities. With their swift movements and aerial acrobatics, these birds are well-adapted to the turbulent air currents created by the cascading water.
  7. Green Iguana (Iguana iguana):
    • Basking in the sun along riverbanks, the green iguana is a large lizard with a distinctive crest along its back. With their ability to regulate body temperature and affinity for aquatic habitats, these iguanas are often seen near the falls.
  8. Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss):
    • Navigating the clear waters of the Iguazu River, rainbow trout are introduced fish species prized for their vibrant colors. With their presence in the river ecosystem, these trout contribute to the aquatic diversity of the area.
  9. Harpy Eagle (Harpia harpyja):
    • Gliding through the forest canopy, the harpy eagle is a powerful raptor with impressive talons. With their role as apex predators, these eagles are a symbol of the avian diversity within the Iguazu Falls region.
  10. Giant Otter (Pteronura brasiliensis):
    • Playing in the river currents, the giant otter is a large and social mammal with webbed feet. With their aquatic lifestyle and family bonds, these otters are a charismatic presence in the waterways near Iguazu Falls.

Exploring the area around Iguazu Falls unveils not only the majesty of the cascading waters but also the incredible diversity of life that thrives in the surrounding rainforest. From the iconic toucans to the elusive jaguars, each species plays a role in creating the rich tapestry of ecosystems that make Iguazu Falls a natural marvel.

Ways to Experience

Nestled on the border between Argentina and Brazil, Iguazu Falls emerges as a breathtaking natural spectacle, rivaling the grandeur of any waterfall on Earth. With its thundering cascades and lush surroundings, this UNESCO World Heritage site beckons adventurers to explore its awe-inspiring beauty.

Ways to Experience Iguazu Falls:

  1. Devil’s Throat Excursion:
    • Embark on the Devil’s Throat Adventure. Take a thrilling boat ride to approach the heart of the falls—Devil’s Throat. Feel the mist on your face and witness the raw power of the water as it plummets into the abyss.
  2. Upper and Lower Circuit Trails:
    • Hike the Upper and Lower Circuit Trails. Wander along well-maintained trails that offer different perspectives of the falls. Marvel at the panoramic views from above on the Upper Circuit and get up close to the cascades on the Lower Circuit.
  3. Boat Safari to San Martin Island:
    • Venture to San Martin Island. Embark on a boat safari to San Martin Island for an immersive experience. Feel the rush as the boat navigates through the river’s rapids, providing a unique vantage point of the falls.
  4. Birdwatching in Iguazu National Park:
    • Discover Diverse Birdlife. Explore the lush Iguazu National Park’s trails for a chance to spot diverse bird species. The park is a haven for birdwatchers, offering glimpses of colorful toucans, parrots, and other exotic birds.
  5. Helicopter Tours:
    • Soar Above in Helicopter Tours. Elevate your experience with a helicopter tour to witness the grandeur of Iguazu Falls from the air. Capture breathtaking aerial views and appreciate the vastness of this natural wonder.
  6. Wildlife Safari in Iguazu National Park:
    • Safari Through the National Park. Join a wildlife safari within Iguazu National Park to encounter the rich biodiversity. Keep an eye out for coatis, capybaras, and other fascinating creatures that inhabit the park’s diverse ecosystems.
  7. Moonlight Tours:
    • Experience Moonlight Tours. Encounter Iguazu Falls under the enchanting glow of the moonlight. Opt for special moonlight tours to witness the falls in a different ambiance, surrounded by the mystique of the nocturnal landscape.
  8. Great Adventure Boat Tour:
    • Take the Great Adventure Boat Tour. Brace yourself for an adrenaline-pumping boat tour that navigates the river and brings you close enough to feel the mist from the falls. A thrilling experience for those seeking an aquatic adventure.
  9. Itaipu Dam Visit:
    • Explore Itaipu Dam. Extend your journey to visit the nearby Itaipu Dam, one of the world’s largest hydroelectric dams. Learn about its engineering marvels and enjoy panoramic views of the dam and surrounding landscapes.
  10. Three Frontiers Landmark Visit:
    • Visit the Three Frontiers Landmark. Stand at the convergence point of Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay at the Three Frontiers Landmark. Absorb the cultural significance of this tri-border region and enjoy the scenic vistas.

Iguazu Falls beckons with a symphony of water, lush landscapes, and diverse wildlife. Whether you choose an adrenaline-fueled boat ride or a serene hike through the park, each experience promises to deepen your connection with this extraordinary natural wonder

Best Times

Embarking on a journey to the magnificent Iguazu Falls promises a spectacle of nature’s grandeur. Choosing the right time to visit is key to unlocking the full splendor of these awe-inspiring waterfalls, where the roaring cascades and lush surroundings create an unforgettable experience.

Best Time to Visit:

  • Dry Season (May to September):
    • Average Temperatures: 55°F to 77°F (13°C to 25°C)
    • The dry season unveils the falls in all their glory. With reduced rainfall, the water volume is slightly lower, allowing for a clearer view of the intricate cascades. This period is ideal for exploring the surrounding trails and enjoying panoramic views without heavy mists.
  • Wet Season (October to April):
    • Average Temperatures: 68°F to 89°F (20°C to 32°C)
    • The wet season brings a surge of water, transforming Iguazu Falls into a thundering spectacle. Lush greenery flourishes, and the falls reach their peak flow. Despite occasional heavy rains, the wet season offers a more immersive experience, with vibrant flora and the falls at their most powerful.

Reasons to Visit Each Season:

  • Dry Season Discoveries:
    • Clearer Views: The dry season provides clearer views of the falls, allowing visitors to appreciate the intricate details of the cascades. This is an excellent time for photography and for those who prefer unobstructed vistas.
    • Hiking and Exploration: With reduced mist, the dry season is perfect for exploring the surrounding trails and viewpoints. Hiking enthusiasts can venture into the lush rainforest and enjoy a more comfortable and scenic trek.
  • Wet Season Wonders:
    • Thundering Cascades: The wet season brings a surge of water, transforming Iguazu Falls into a mesmerizing display of power and beauty. The increased volume creates thundering cascades that resonate through the lush surroundings, offering a sensory-rich experience.
    • Lush Greenery: The wet season fosters vibrant greenery, turning the surrounding rainforest into a lush paradise. Nature enthusiasts will appreciate the flourishing flora and the overall sense of vitality that accompanies the increased rainfall.


Whether you choose the dry season for clearer views and hiking adventures or the wet season for the thundering splendor and lush surroundings, Iguazu Falls welcomes you with open arms. Select your preferred season and immerse yourself in the breathtaking beauty of this natural wonder.


1. How many Separate Falls does Iguazu Falls have?

Iguazu Falls consists of approximately 275 individual falls, creating a mesmerizing and expansive cascade. The falls are situated on the border between Argentina and Brazil and are part of the Iguazu River.

The combination of the numerous falls, the lush surrounding rainforest, and the sheer power of the water makes Iguazu Falls one of the most spectacular natural wonders in the world.

2. Which side is the best side of Iguazu Falls?

The choice between the Argentine and Brazilian sides of Iguazu Falls often depends on personal preferences and the experience you’re seeking.

  1. Argentine Side:
    • Pros:
      • Offers more extensive and closer-up views of the falls, with various trails leading to different vantage points.
      • The iconic “Devil’s Throat” is on the Argentine side, providing a breathtaking, up-close experience of the most powerful section of the falls.
      • More opportunities for wildlife viewing and exploration of the surrounding rainforest.
    • Cons:
      • Can be more crowded, especially during peak tourist seasons.
      • The panoramic views are slightly less comprehensive compared to the Brazilian side.
  2. Brazilian Side:
    • Pros:
      • Provides panoramic views of the falls, offering a broader perspective of the entire complex.
      • The views from the Brazilian side are often considered more postcard-like and capture the grandeur of the entire falls.
    • Cons:
      • Offers fewer and more distant walking trails compared to the Argentine side.
      • The Brazilian side doesn’t take you as close to the falls as some of the trails on the Argentine side.


  • Many visitors choose to experience both sides to get a comprehensive view of the falls. If time allows, this is often the best way to appreciate the full beauty of Iguazu Falls. However, if you have limited time, your choice may depend on whether you prefer up-close and extensive views (Argentine side) or panoramic vistas (Brazilian side).

Wonders of Argentina, Brazil