Salar de Uyuni

Salar de Uyuni Quick Facts:

  • Largest salt flat in the world
  • Encompasses 4,086 square miles (10,582 sq km)
  • Accounts for 50 to 70% of world’s lithium reserves

Salar de Uyuni

Salar de Uyuni is a salt flat located in the Potosi and Oruro departments of southwest Bolivia. Salar is a Spanish word translating into “salt flat,” and Uyuni is Spanish for “enclosure.” As part of the Andes, the Salar is located at 11,995 feet (3,656 m) above sea level. Created from the transformation of several lakes, the salt crust of the Salar de Uyuni has no more than three feet (1 m) in altitude variation.

Statistically speaking, Salar de Uyuni is the largest salt flat in the world accounting for 4,086 square miles (10,582 sq km). The crust is comprised of salt and covers a sea of brine that ranges from 7 to 66 feet (2 to 20 m) deep. Collectively, the Salar de Uyuni accounts for between 50 to 70% of the world’s lithium reserves.

There is limited wildlife or vegetation in the area. There are about 80 species of birds found in the area with the highlight being three different species of flamingos that visit during the month of November.

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Best Ways to Experience Salar de Uyuni

More on Salar de Uyuni as it is declared a natural or notable wonder.

Endangered Species

There are 100s of critically endangered species on every continent around the world. The wildlife, fauna and flora are much of what makes the wonders of nature special. Endangered Species is one of Seven Natural Wonder’s greatest concerns. Take a moment and glance at some of the critically endangered wildlife.