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Bay of Fundy

Bay of Fundy Quick Facts:

  • Highest tidal range in the world
  • Typical tidal range is around 55 feet
  • Two tidal highs and lows a day
  • Located between New Brunswick and Nova Scotia
  • 115 billion tons of water flow in & out daily


Bay of Fundy

The Bay of Fundy is a large bay on the Atlantic coast of North America. The name is believed to come from the French word "Fendu" which translate split. Although there are competitive tidal range locations, the Bay of Fundy holds the record. In most cases it is a statistical tie between the Bay of Fundy and Ungava Bay, however the highest peak at one given point was recorded at Bay of Fundy.

During a 12 hour tidal period, the Bay of Fundy will have 115 billion tons of water flow in and out of the bay.

Where is the Bay of Fundy

The Bay of Fundy is located along the northeast coast with most of it aligning with the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. The bay lies in a rift valley called the Fundy Basin. and the peak of the tidal waves occur at Burntcoat Head


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Bay of Fundy Tides

The Bay of Fundy tides are recognized as the greatest tidal range in the world. The tidal range is measured by the Canadian Hydrographic Service at 55.8 feet (17 m). The highest point ever recorded was 70.9 feet (21.6 m). This occurred in 1869 following a tropical cyclone and subsequent water surge.

The tides of the Bay of Fundy are known as semidiurnal. This means that during a 24 hour period, there will be two highs and two lows. This happens every day. The time between each high and each low is around 6 hours.

As noted above, during a 24 hour day the high and low tides will occur twice. Over this same period, there will be over 115 billion tons of water flowing in and out of the bay.