[well]Tierra del Fuego Quick Facts

  • Spanish meaning “Fire Land”
  • Considered the southernmost city in the world
  • Shared between Argentina and Chile
  • Features glaciers, mountains, lakes, and rivers.


Tierra del Fuego

Tierra del Fuego, which is Spanish for “Fire Land” is an archipelago that is found off the southernmost tip of the South American mainland with the extent having a latitude of 55 S. This location makes it in fact often referred to as the “southernmost city in the world”. With a total area of 48,100 square kilometers (18,572 square miles) that includes the main island of Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego along with smaller ones, this natural world wonder exudes beauty that is spread across a vast amount of land and water.

One aspect that makes Tierra del Fuego all the more interesting is the fact that it is actually divided between both Chile and Argentina, where one controls the eastern half of the main island and the other controls the western half in addition to the islands south of the Beagle Channel.

Though Europeans settled on Tierra del Fuego during the second half of the 19th century where they survived off of sheep farming and the gold rush booms, today the archipelago is economically driven by the petroleum extractions that take place there. Along with this, manufacturing, Antarctic logistics and tourism are also a driving economic factor of Tierra del Fuego.

Within the lands spread throughout this archipelago there abounds a very rich and diverse flora and fauna. Though only 30% of the islands have forested areas within them, there are six different tree species, fruit bushes, plants and various shrubs are all found within some of the islands that have been classified as Magellanic subpolar.

The fauna found throughout the islands and more particularly the main island include notable animals such as king penguins, foxes, austral parakeets, sea gulls and firecrown hummingbirds. Though there used to be a fairly large population of North American Beavers, they were causing so much damage that the government in fact established a program that allowed for them to trap and kill the beavers causing all of the trouble throughout the lands.

Where is Tierra del Fuego

Tierra del Fuego is located on the southernmost tip of South American mainland and is more specifically located almost directly across from the Straight of Magellan.

The coordinates of the national park are 54°0′0″ S and 70°0′0″ W.

Best Ways to See and Experience Tierra del Fuego

Many of the tourism and visits that go on throughout Tierra del Fuego are geared towards those wanting to claim that they have been to the “southernmost city in the world” and also for those who particularly want to experience it in all of its natural beauty.

With such a growing popularity, there are numerous tour companies to choose from who can arrange all of the details and specifics for you before heading out o explore Tierra del Fuego. Visiting the capital, Ushaia, you will be able to head down its beautiful coastal avenue before heading to popular spots such as the Tierra del Fuego National Park.

On several tours you will be able to get up close and personal with some king penguins, hike and trek through gorgeous trails and truly get to experience first hand what it is like to be at the southernmost tip of the world in the beautiful Patagonia region.

Best Times to Explore Tierra del Fuego

The best time to visit the national park is during the month of January. This summer month provides temperatures around 48°F (9°C). Comparable travel months include December and the majority of February.

The cold and wet climate helps preserve the glaciers in the area.

Tierra del Fuego Travel Tips

More travel tips coming for Torres del Paine. If you are a travel expert familiar with Chile and the Torres del Paine region, you are invited to contact Seven Natural Wonders with advice and tips.